Welcome to the Team: Model Policies Include High School and College Transgender Student Athletes

October 4, 2010

By Pat Griffin and Helen J. Carroll

As educators and former coaches, we know that playing high school and college sports can have a tremendously positive impact on students, helping them build self-esteem and skills that will help them in every aspect of their future lives.

We also know that being excluded from participation in sports because of bias and discrimination causes devastating harm. In recent years, we have become deeply concerned about the lack of supportive policies for transgender athletes in high schools and colleges, and recognized an urgent need to provide schools with guidance.

To meet that need, in 2009 the National Center for Lesbian Rights and the Women’s Sports Foundation convened a think tank of athletic, legal, and medical experts to develop model policies to ensure that high school and college transgender student athletes are treated fairly and respectfully.

Today, we’re proud to release the think tank’s final report, which fills the void in high school and intercollegiate athletics by giving school and athletic administrators the guidance they need to create a fair and respectful school environment. The report —On the Team: Equal Opportunities for Transgender Student Athletes—provides long-overdue  policy recommendations for the inclusion of transgender student athletes, best practices for athletic administrators, coaches, student athletes, and parents, along with an overview of transgender students’ legal rights.

Transgender young people are part of school communities across the United States, and educational leaders have a responsibility to ensure that these students can access all academic and extracurricular activities in a safe and respectful school environment.

Instead, too often, transgender students face needless obstacles to participating in high school and college sports.  Many of these student athletes have been barred from participation and humiliated in the process.

Consider these three transgender student athletes, and their experiences:
•    Chase, a transgender high school boy, was interested in trying out for the boys’ golf team.  When he went to the coach to sign up for try outs, the coach told him to go to the girls’ gym to and talk to the coach of the girls’ team.
•    When Maria, a transgender high school girl, wanted to play on the girls’ volleyball team, the athletic director told her that a “boy” could not play on the girls’ team just because “he” wore dresses.
•    Patricia, a transgender woman playing on the women’s tennis team at her college, was only allowed to change clothes in a single-stall toilet on the other side of the campus, causing her to be late to practices and games.

The report provides detailed guidance about how to avoid these damaging practices by adopting proactive, comprehensive policies for including transgender students in high school and college sports.

Keelin Godsey, another transgender student athlete who faced many obstacles in high school and college, also shared his story in the report. Keelin was 18 when he began to realize he was transgender, but the thought of telling anyone was terrifying.

“I didn’t have the support system I needed and I didn’t know how it would impact my track and field career,” he said in the report. “I started researching rules and regulations for transgender athletes, and while I was able to find a policy from the International Olympic Committee, I couldn’t find anything that would apply to me at the collegiate level. I later found out it was because they didn’t have any policies.”

The report fills this void, providing detailed guidance for high schools and colleges based on the most up-to-date and reliable medical and legal information.

Please read On the Team, and make sure schools in your community receive a copy and adopt inclusive policies for transgender students.

With your help, we can put an end to the harmful isolation and marginalization of transgender athletes, and ensure that they are truly part of the team.


Groundbreaking Report Urges High School and College Athletics to Establish Standard, National Policies for Transgender Student Athletes

October 4, 2010

Report is the first to address transgender student athletes, provides comprehensive model policies

A groundbreaking report sponsored by the National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR) and It Takes A Team!, an Initiative of the Women’s Sports Foundation, is urging high school and college athletic associations across the country to adopt standard policies to provide transgender student athletes fair and equal opportunity to participate on athletic teams.

The report, “On the Team: Equal Opportunities for Transgender Student Athletes,” released on October 4, 2010, is the first ever to thoroughly address the complete integration of transgender student athletes within high school and collegiate athletic programs. The report is also the first to provide comprehensive model policies and a framework for athletic leaders to ensure equal access to school athletics for transgender students.

“Educators and parents must be open to this challenge if we are to create educational institutions that value and meet the needs of all students,” says report co-author Dr. Pat Griffin former director of It Takes A Team! “Once we recognize that transgender young people are part of school communities across the United States, educational leaders have a responsibility to ensure that these students have equal access to opportunities in all academic and extracurricular activities in a safe and respectful school environment.”

In October 2009, NCLR and It Takes A Team! invited experts on transgender issues from a range of disciplines—law, medicine, advocacy, and athletics—to take part in a national think tank on equal opportunity for transgender student athletes. Think tank participants, including leaders from the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the National High School Federation met over several days, identifying best practices. Co-authors Griffin and NCLR Sports Project Director Helen J. Carroll developed these best practices into model policies and a framework for high school and college athletic leaders to ensure the full inclusion of transgender student athletes.

“An increasing number of high school- and college-aged young people are identifying as transgender. This report is an invaluable tool to guide coaches and administrators in providing equal opportunities for transgender student athletes in a fair and just manner, based on reliable information and data,” says Carroll. “No student athlete should ever be turned away from a team because an athletic department hasn’t established policies that would allow them to participate.”

According to the 56-page report, although “the needs of transgender students in high school and college have received some attention in recent years, this issue has not been adequately addressed in the context of athletics. Few high school or collegiate athletic programs, administrators, or coaches are prepared to fairly, systematically, and effectively address a transgender student’s interest in participating in athletics. The majority of school athletic programs have no policy governing the inclusion of transgender student athletes, and most coaches are unprepared to accommodate a transgender student who wants to play on a sports team. In fact, most school athletic programs are unprepared to address even basic accommodations, such as knowing what pronouns or names to use when referring to a transgender student, where a transgender student should change clothes for practice or competition, or what bathroom or shower that student should use.”

The report determined:

  • The adoption of transgender-inclusive policies and practices dispels stereotypes and fears about gender diversity. When transgender students are stigmatized and excluded, even non-transgender students may experience pressure to conform to gender-role stereotypes as a way to avoid being bullied or harassed themselves.
  • Failure to adopt transgender-inclusive participation policies is hurtful to and discriminates against transgender students because they may be denied the opportunity to participate in school sports.
  • Failure to adopt inclusive participation policies also hurts non-transgender students by conveying a message that the values of non-discrimination and inclusion are less important than values based on competition and winning. Schools must model and educate about non-discrimination values in all aspects of school programming, not only for students, but for parents and community members as well.
  • Failure to adopt policies that ensure equal opportunities for transgender student athletes may also result in costly and divisive litigation. A growing number of states and localities are adopting specific legal protections for transgender students. In addition, state and federal courts are increasingly applying sex discrimination laws to prohibit discrimination against transgender people.

Several studies show that schools are often hostile places for transgender students and other students who do not conform to stereotypical gender expectations. These students are frequently subjected to peer harassment and bullying. This mistreatment can lead to feelings of hopelessness, depression, and low self-esteem. When a school or athletic organization denies transgender students the ability to participate in sports because of their gender identity or expression, that condones, reinforces and affirms their social status as outsiders who deserve the hostility they experience from peers.”

The report provides:

  • Model policies—created by leading athletic, legal, and medical experts—for including transgender students in both high school and college athletics that ensure the safety, privacy, and dignity of all student athletes.
  • Specific best practice recommendations for athletic administrators, coaches, student athletes, parents, and the media.
  • A thorough analysis of issues related to providing equal opportunities for transgender student athletes.
  • An in-depth list of local and national resources to help address transgender issues in athletics.
  • Definitions of key terms, as well as information about the legal rights of transgender people in the United States.

The report reflects a collaborative process, including the best thinking of think tank participants, based on current medical knowledge and legal protections for transgender people, about how to ensure equal opportunities for transgender student athletes. The purpose of the report is to provide leaders in education and athletics with the information they need to make effective policy decisions about the participation of transgender student athletes in high school and college athletic programs. It is intended for everyone involved with high school or collegiate athletics, including college presidents, school board members, high school state athletic association leaders, school principals and district superintendents, intercollegiate athletic conference commissioners, and sport governing organization leaders.

“We are confident that the report will be an essential guide for high school and college athletic leaders as they adopt policies to ensure that all student-athletes, including transgender students, will have equal opportunities to enjoy sports,” says Kathryn E. Olson, Chief Executive Officer of the Women’s Sports Foundation. “The Women’s Sports Foundation has always sought to advance the lives of girls and women through sports and physical activity. Our sponsorship of this think tank and support for the recommendations in this report are a part of this commitment.”

Download your copy of “On the Team: Equal Opportunity for Transgender Student Athletes.”


Why Bathrooms Are a Civil Rights Issue

September 8, 2010

by Carlos A. Ball | Huffington Post

Although it is not frequently acknowledged, bathrooms have been contested civil rights sites for several decades now. The civil rights movement during the 1950s fought to end the prevailing practice in some parts of the country of prohibiting African Americans from using so-called “white” bathrooms.

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State by State Guide to Laws That Prohibit Discrimination Against Transgender People

August 27, 2010
View this document on Scribd

Gov. Carcieri Vetoes Bill to Expand Rhode Island Hate Crimes Law

June 30, 2010

by Joe Siegel | EDGE Boston

Rhode Island Gov. Don Carcieri vetoed a bill on Wednesday, June 23, that would have expanded the state’s definition of a hate crime.

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Incarcerated Transgender Woman Can Pursue Case for Appropriate Medical Care

June 11, 2010

by Dr. Jillain T. Weiss | Bilerico Project

Federal, state and local authorities in charge of jail and prison inmates are responsible for their health care. This is a big responsibility, because the U.S. incarcerates about 2.5 million people, more than any nation on earth. Appropriate medical care is also a Constitutional duty, because denial of appropriate medical care constitutes cruel and unusual punishment prohibited by the Eighth Amendment.

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Passport Gender Marker Problem Resolved

June 10, 2010

from the National Center for Transgender Equality

Last night the US Department of State announced new guidelines for issuing passports to transgender people. Beginning today, applicants for a gender marker change on their passports will need to submit certification from a physician that they have received “appropriate clinical treatment” for gender transition. Most importantly, gender reassignment surgery is not required under the new policy.

The new rules will also apply to changing a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) for US citizens who were born outside of the United States.  CRBA’s are the equivalent of a birth certificate.

For years, NCTE has been advocating with the State Department to change their rules about gender markers on passports and CRBA’s.  Previously they had required proof of irreversible sex reassignment surgery before the gender marker could be changed, although there were exceptions for temporary, provisional passports to allow someone to travel for surgery.

NCTE and other advocates have stressed with the State Department that this policy unnecessarily called attention to transgender travelers whose appearance and gender marker were at odds. In some destinations, this had the potential to create an extremely dangerous situation when a traveler is outed as transgender in an unwelcoming environment or in the presence of prejudiced security personnel.

Fortunately, the new rules represent a significant advance in providing safe, humane and dignified treatment of transgender people.  There are details in the guidelines about what information a physician must provide and we will communicate those to you as soon as possible. However, the State Department notes that applicants will not need to supply any additional medical documentation and that there is no SRS requirement.

“We want to extend our thanks to the Obama Administration, and particularly to Secretary of State Hilary Clinton, for understanding the need for this change and then responding to make travel safer for transgender people,” commented Mara Keisling, Executive Director of NCTE.  “This shows how changes in government policy directly impact people’s lives, in this case, for the better.”

In the next few days, NCTE will be issuing a definitive resource that fully explains the new guidelines and outlines the ways in which transgender people can make changes to their passports and CRBAs.

Many people-from elected officials to LGBT advocates-have worked for years to change these policies and deserve credit and thanks. Particularly important work was done by Rep. Barney Frank as well as Rep. Steve Israel in the House of Representatives; Gays and Lesbians in Foreign Affairs Agencies (GLIFAA), which represents LGBT employees and their families working in foreign affairs offices for the US government; all of our allied LGBT organizations who have been committed to this work, including the Center for Global Equality, The Task Force, the National Center for Lesbian Rights, Lambda Legal and the Human Rights Campaign; and those working on medical policies, including the American Medical Association and the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH).


New Policy on Gender Change in Passports Announced

June 10, 2010

from the U.S. Department of State

The U.S. Department of State is pleased to use the occasion of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Pride Month to announce its new policy guidelines regarding gender change in passports and Consular Reports of Birth Abroad.

Beginning June 10, when a passport applicant presents a certification from an attending medical physician that the applicant has undergone appropriate clinical treatment for gender transition, the passport will reflect the new gender. The guidelines include detailed information about what information the certification must include. It is also possible to obtain a limited-validity passport if the physician’s statement shows the applicant is in the process of gender transition. No additional medical records are required. Sexual reassignment surgery is no longer a prerequisite for passport issuance. A Consular Report of Birth Abroad can also be amended with the new gender.

As with all passport applicants, passport issuing officers at embassies and consulates abroad and domestic passport agencies and centers will only ask appropriate questions to obtain information necessary to determine citizenship and identity.

The new policy and procedures are based on standards and recommendations of the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH), recognized by the American Medical Association as the authority in this field.


Incarcerated Transgender Woman Can Pursue Case for Appropriate Medical Care

June 8, 2010

A U.S. district court judge in Massachusetts has denied the government’s request to dismiss the case of Vanessa Adams, a Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) inmate with gender identity disorder (GID). For years, the BOP denied Ms. Adams treatment for her serious medical condition. As a result, Ms. Adams attempted suicide multiple times when prison doctors failed to provide any treatment. She eventually removed her own genitals. Ms. Adams now challenges the federal policy that prison doctors and other medical providers used to justify the denial of her treatment.

At issue is BOP’s so-called “freeze frame” policy in which treatment for any prisoner with gender identity disorder is frozen at the level being provided when he or she entered BOP. In other words, because Ms. Adams did not receive treatment for GID before being incarcerated, BOP would not provide it to her after her incarceration.

Vanessa Adams is being represented by Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD), Florida Institutional Legal Services (FILS), the National Center for Lesbian Rights (NCLR), and Bingham McCutchen LLP. The organizations hold the position that people should receive medically-necessary treatment for serious health conditions while in our nation’s prison system, including transgender-related health needs.

“Unfortunately, despite the fact that GID is well-recognized as a serious medical condition, individuals with GID face stigma and bias. In Vanessa’s case, stigma and bias alone have deprived her of the medical attention she needs. By filing this case, she seeks to ensure that transgender inmates with serious medical needs get appropriate care, just as prisoners with heart conditions and diabetes should,” said Jennifer L. Levi, Transgender Rights Project Director for GLAD.

Cassandra Capobianco of Florida Institutional Legal Services added, “It is critical not only for Vanessa’s health and safety but for the good of other prisoners that BOP’s policy be changed.”

“We’re pleased that the judge recognized the inhumanity of the BOP policy, and that Vanessa will have her day in court,” said Shannon Minter, Legal Director of NCLR.

In its June 7 ruling, the Court rejected BOP’s argument that Ms. Adams’ claim should be invalidated because the prison finally started her on hormones. Citing the BOP’s consistently callous conduct toward Ms. Adams, the fact that BOP could stop Ms. Adams’ treatment at any time, and the fact that BOP continues to enforce its freeze-frame policy, the Court ruled that the question of the constitutionality of the policy remains open.

This case will now in all likelihood proceed to trial.

More information about Adams v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, including the complaint and the decision, can be found at www.glad.org and www.nclrights.org.


Demonstrators Urge Passage of Transgender Rights Legislation

May 24, 2010

by Sean Teehan | Boston Globe

After being hired for a job in Foxborough last year, Logan Ferraro, a 19-year-old transgender man, received a call from his new boss.

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